I'm not sure how to translate this, by myself I would call it painted panel ceiling
, but following Wikipedia articles a more precise term would be painted coffering, or not.
Here too, the churches were cleaned out by the followers of reformation. But in certain cases the wooden ceilings which were added below the vaults got painted decoration, sometimes with more sometimes with less artistic values, but definitely they are a curiosity.
Wooden panels were a natural medium for painting since the antiquity, but into the churches they found their way during the early renaissance I think (or at least a certain genre of them), and remained there. The east was always in a little delay so on the Hungary renaissance started bout the half of the 15th century and reached it's peek with the reformation. Here in the following centuries, reformed, Lutheran and Calvinist magnates were all influenced by the renaissance, they all preferred to appear as humanists, benefactors of artists and aspiring scientists ("scientists"?). So the painted panels took root, at least art historians believe that the source of origin is renaissance Italy.
However ecclesiatical art rarely enjoyed the support of the wealthy nobility, especially not small rural parsonages. Here the renaissance influence intertwined with the folklore and taste of the rural population. One very characteristic creation became these painted ceilings.
Decoration in churches were rarely l'art pour l'art, not in the previous Catholic world, since most believers weren't literate and they did not know latin, they got a considerable portion of their informations through the artistic productions of the churches, the frescos, the statues, the figural glass windows, etc. Probably these painted panels contained "messages" for the mass below. Some of these panels contains surprising depictions.
Let's see one example: the Calvinist church of Gyügye
(in the north east corner of the Great Hungarian Plain)
The structure is mentioned for the first time in 1405 but it is sure it was standing for a while now. From it's Romanesque style they estimate it's date of building to the late 13th, early 14th century.
We know when the wooden ceiling was incorporated. one panel says the church was renovated in the last weeks of May, 1762 and the paintings was finished on October 12th, 1767. The work was financed by it's own pocket of the ecclesia.
All in all 81 panels decorates the ceiling, 56 in the nave, 25 in the sanctuary. 20 and 20 of them are figural. Their shape isn't regular, but close to rectangular.
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